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About Faizabad

Faizabad is located in Uttar Pradesh on the banks of River Ghaghra or popularly known by its local name Saryu. Faizabad was earlier known as Fyzabad during the British rule. The city was the old capital of Awadh, land of the Nawabs. As this was the old capital of Awadh, Nawabis built multiple monuments in this famous city. Some of the famous monuments built by Nawabs include Tomb of Bahu Begum, Gulab Bari and few others. A city famous for Nawabi cuisines also has a rich history as well.


Brief History of Faizabad

It is believed that Faizabad or Saket Faizabad had its importance since the time of Ramayana. According to Hindu mythology, this city was known as the private estate of King Dashrath who was the father of Lord Ram. In 1722, Burhan-ul-Mulk became the incharge of Subah of Awadh by Mughal court. Nawab Sa’aadat Khan had temporary dwellings near the banks of river Ghahgra where he made his first settlements with a cantonment consisting of fortress and mud Barracks. Due to these temporary dwellings by Nawab Sa’aadat, Faizabad was known as ‘Bangla.’

In 1722, Avadh was formed and its first Nawab Sa’aadat renamed the city of ‘Bangla’ from Saket to Faizabad, thus making Faizabad as the capital of Avadh. Successor of Nawad Sa’aadat, Nawab Shuja-ud- Daula made this city a place worth visiting. He took complete interest in the administrative of the city and ensured that the city had beautiful gardens, palaces, roads, markets and other infrastructure. Under his administration, Faizabad also became a centre for trade and commerce, thus attracting tourists and businessmen from all over India and Europe.

Later in 1739, Faizabad served as a military headquarters for Avadh. Each of the Nawabs who ruled Faizabad ensured that the city was beautiful than the previous Nawab. Some of the famous monuments built by Nawabs include Gulab Bari, Bahu Begum and Moti Mahal. The jail of Faizabad was also popular as some of our freedom fighters like Ashfaqulla Khan, Subhash Chandra Bose were detained in Faizabad jail.

People of Faizabad

According to 2011 census, not more than two lakhs people are staying in this city with a ratio of 920 females per 1000 males. Literacy rate of Faizabad is more than eighty five percent.

Climate of Faizabad

Faizabad enjoys winters from November to February with the temperature ranging from 6 degrees to 25 degrees. In summers, from March to July the temperature is really high ranging from 35 to 45 degrees. It rains during July to September in Faizabad.

Places to see in Faizabad

There are multiple heritage places to see in Faizabad. You can visit Gulab Bari, Bahu Begum, Miltary temple, company gardens, Ghanta ghar and Shringi Rishi Ashram. All of these places have their own significance.

Shopping in Faizabad

Faizabad chowk, Rekabgunj, Bajaja and Fatehganj area are some of the popular places for shopping in Faizabad.

Cuisine of Faizabad

Being the old capital of Avadh, Faizabad is popular for Avadhi cuisine. Some of the famous food of Faizabad includes Chicken Biryani, Awadhi Thali, Assorted Halva, Navratan Korma and similar dishes.

Popular Personlities of Faizabad

Faizabad is been a birth place for some of the well known personalities of the country. Some of them include Mitrasen Yaadav who was a politician, award wining boxer Akhil Kumar, Mir Babar Ali, a famous Urdu poet, Deepal Shaw and Pooja Batra, Bollywood actresses, Abhishek Chaubey, director.

How to Reach Faizabad

By Road

Faizabad is well connected by road with cities like Kanpur, Lucknow, Varanasi, Allahabad and Gorakhpur. There are regular government buses which run on these routes.

By Rail

Ayodhya Junction is the major railway station in Faizabad. There are few weekly trains from Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata which connect to Faizabad.

By Air

If you are travelling to Faizabad by air, then you have four options. There are four airports nearest to Faizabad; Kanpur, Lucknow, Allahabad and Varanasi. All of these airports are at an average distance of 180 kilometers from Faizabad.

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